grid_view Sexual and reproductive health

India is one of the youngest countries in the world with around 28% of its population in the age group of 15-29. In recent years, the context of life of many young people especially in urban India is changing very rapidly. Urbanization, globalization and technological revolutions are leading to diverse impacts on people. Many young people are moving to cities in the pursuit of higher education and jobs and leading a relatively independent life. The age at marriage is increasing, especially in urban areas providing the youth more time and freedom to explore their sexuality. Increasing age at marriage, widespread availability of internet and social media, availability of spaces that are not under family surveillance and the desire to lead independent life are important aspects of social context of youth in neo-liberal urban India. In this changing context, it is essential to examine the choices young people make about their relationships and sexual intimacy, how these choices evolve over a period and how these choices are interdependent with other life domains. In order to address these issues, the Youth in Transition study was conducted, adopting a life course perspective.


  • To describe the trajectories of sexual relationships, from adolescence to adulthood
  • To understand the trajectories of risk of STI/HIV, from adolescence to adulthood and its predictors
  • To understand pattern of use of methods of contraception from adolescence to adulthood and describe outcomes of unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion
  • To assess perceived risk of STI/HIV and pregnancy among youth and self-efficacy to adopt safer sexual behaviors and health care seeking

Type of research: Retrospective life course research 

A one-time personal interview of up to 1.5 to 2 hours in duration was conducted with the person eligible and willing to participate in the study. The interview was conducted with utmost sensitivity and complete confidentiality. During the interview, participant was asked to recall information about significant events in their life pertaining to their education, careers, migration, relationships, substance use, mental health, etc.


Dr. Shrinivas Darak and Dr. Ritu Parchure (Principal investigator)

Funding: Prayas (Health Group)

Start date: July 2017

End date:  Feb 2019